ถ้าคนที่เคยเรียนภาษาญี่ปุ่นมาก็คงจะรู้จักเจ้ามารุ กับเจ้าเต็นเต็นกันดีอยู่แล้ว
ถ้าแปลตรงๆ มารุ ก็หมายถึง ก็หมายถึง กลม ส่วนเจ้าเต็นเต็น ก็หมายถึงจุดหรือแต้ม
คนที่ไม่รู้คงสงสัยกันแล้วหละซิว่ามันคืออะไร
 
มันก็คือส่วนประกอบหนึ่งที่จำทำให้ตัวอ่านของตัวฮิรางานะ หรือคาตาคานะ เปลี่ยนไป
เช่น へ เมื่อยู่เฉยๆคนเดียวเราก็เรียกมันว่า He เฮะ
แต่พอมีเพื่อนเต็นๆ หรือตัวที่เราเห็นเหมือนเครื่องหมายฟันหนู べ กลับกลายเป็น Be เบ๊ะ
พอมีเพื่อนมารุ หรือตัวกลมๆด้านบน ぺ กลับออกเสียงเป็น Pe เพะ ซะอย่างนั้น
 
แต่ว่ามารุกับเต็นๆก็ไม่ได้ใช้ได้กับทุกตัวนะค่ะ เรามาดูตัวที่ใช้ได้กันดีกว่า
สำหรับเต็นๆ จะใช้ได้ 4 เสียงต้นคือ K S T H จำกันได้รึยังว่าตัวไหนคืออะไร
ส่วน มารุจะใช้ได้กับเพียงเสียงเดียวมาดูกันเลยค่ะ
 
ตัวแรก がぎぐげご ก็จะออกเสียงคล้ายๆกับก.ไก่ หรือง.งู ซึ่งปกติถ้าไม่มีเต็นๆก็จะออกเสียงเป็นค.ควาย
 
เช่น カメラ กับ ガメラ ซึ่งดูเผินๆก็ต่างกันนิดเดียวแต่ จริงๆแล้วความหมายต่างกันเยอะเลย
ตัวแรก คาเมร่า หมายถึง กล้องถ่ายรูป ส่วนตัวหลังที่มีเต็นๆ กาเมร่า หมายถึง เต่ายักษ์ ที่เป็นหนังสมัยก่อนที่ออกมาอาละวาดยังจำกันได้อยู่รึเปล่าเอ่ย พูดไปแล้วเลยรู้อายุคนเขียนเลย
 
ตัวที่ 2 ざじずぜぞ ก็จะออกเสียงเป็นเหมือนซ.โซ่ หรือตัว Z ในภาษาอังกฤษ เดิมเป็นตัวส. เสือ หรือ เอส
ยกเว้นตัว じ ที่จะออกเสียงคล้ายๆ ตัว จ.จาน
 
ตัวที่ 3 だぢづでど ก็จะออกเสียงเป็นตัว ด.เด็ก แทนที่จะเป็น ท.ทหาร
ยกเว้นตัว ぢ ที่จะออกเป็นเสียงคล้ายๆตัว จ.จาน หรือเหมือนกับตัว じ ด้านบนนั่นเอง
 
ตัวที่ 4 เสียงสุดท้าย ที่นอกจากจะใช้กับเต็นๆได้แล้ว ยังใช้กับมารุได้อีกด้วยนั่นก็คือแถว は ha
ばびぶべぼ เมื่อใส่เต็นๆจะมีเสียงเหมือนตัว บ.ใบไม้
ぱぴぷぺぽ   ส่วนเมื่อใส่มารุจะมีเสียงเป็น พ.พานแทนค่ะ
 
ซึ่งจริงๆแล้วคนเขียนก็ไม่เก่งเรื่องนี้เมื่อกัน ตอนสอบมักจะลืมใส่เป็นประจำ
ทำให้โดนหักแต้มอยู่ เรื่อย หวังว่าคงจะไม่งงกันนะค่ะ ต่อไปนี้เรามาลองดูคำศัพท์ง่ายๆกันดีกว่าค่ะ
がくせい gakusei  กักเซย์ นักเรียน
せい ไม่ได้อ่านว่า เซะอินะค่ะ การมีพยัญชนะแถว a ที่เป็น ตัวเดียวกับตัวหน้า
จะทำให้อ่านเสียงตัวหน้าได้ยาวขึ้นเหมือนพูดต่อกันยาวๆ ว่า เซซซซซอิ กลายเป็นเซย์ค่ะ
かいぎ  kaigi       คัยงิ     ประชุม
かぎ   kagi        คากิ     กุญแจ
ばか   baka       บากะ   บ้า หรือ โง่
パソコン pasokon   พาโซคอน คอมพิวเตอร์
จะเห็นได้ว่ามารุ และเต็นๆ ไม่ได้ใช้ได้เพียงตัว ฮิรางานะ แต่ตัว คาตาคานะ ก็ใช้ได้เหมือนกันค่ะ
จริงๆก็ตั้งแต่ คาเมร่า และกาเมร่าแล้ว
เอาเป็นว่าวันนี้ขอพอแค่นี้ก่อนนะค่ะ ไว้วันหลังมาดูบทสนทนากันดีกว่าค่ะ

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